The olive tree bonsai in Italy
Among all the bonsai, the one that most certainly represents Italy is the olive tree bonsai. This plant, despite having Caucasian origins, has been successfully planted in all areas of the Mediterranean basin, finding the climate and soil suitable for prospering at its best in Italy. The natural qualities of the olive tree, both aesthetic and biological, make it a perfect tree for cultivation using the bonsai technique.
His massive and twisted posture it also gives young specimens a centenary appearance that awakens in anyone an innate respect for nature, while the abundance of new shoots with which it responds to pruning interventions make it very easy to intervene to shape the aesthetics of the little one to one's liking. tree.
Indispensable for a good result when dealing with the bonsai olive tree is the right exposure. This tree indeed loves the sun, but not excessive heat. Therefore it is possible to keep it in full sun during spring, a period in which the vegetative rhythms of the plant resume at full capacity, but with the arrival of summer it is advisable to avoid direct sun during the hottest hours.
The ideal would be an exposure to the East which would allow the bonsai the right amount of sun. In Autumn, the discourse of spring is valid while in winter the situation changes according to the climate. In the central-southern regions it is possible to leave the plant outside, but in areas with a harsh climate it is advisable to shelter the olive tree from frost keeping it indoors, as it can't stand sub-zero temperatures for long.
Watering and pruning
The olive tree bonsai prefers well drained soils, therefore it is good to make sure that the soil is dry before proceeding with new watering, preferring the morning hours to administer water. Being an evergreen plant it is important to continue to supply water even in winter by obviously expanding the intervals between watering.
The ideal period for pruning varies according to the climate. In regions with a mild climate you can proceed both in summer and in winter, while in Northern Italy it is good to wait for the summer.
For a correct pruning it is recommended to remember that to prevent a shortened branch from drying out, it is necessary to leave a few leaves at the apex so that the withdrawal of the sap does not occur. Once the new buds have sprung up, the leaves previously left will be eliminated. Pruning becomes necessary especially when repotting the bonsai, balancing the shortening of the roots with a thinning of the foliage.
Olive tree bonsai: Care of the olive tree bonsai: repotting and fertilization
Repotting the bonsai olive tree it is carried out during the vegetative stasis, therefore at the end of winter in the regions with a harsh climate, while in the central south it can be carried out either in summer or in winter. Being a slow growing plant, it should usually be done every three or four years. During the operation the root system must be reduced by a third and when repotting we will create a substrate that guarantees good drainage.
For bonsai modeling copper-plated aluminum wire can be used. The operation can take place at any time of the year, using the trick of wrapping the bark with raffia in order not to damage the olive tree given the extreme delicacy of the bark. Finally, to protect and feed our sapling correctly, it is advisable to administer slow-release fertilizer and prevent the attack of the main parasites to which this plant is subject with insecticides or anti-cochineal together with fungicide.