How to create and maintain terraced gardens
The creation of terraced gardens requires careful planning, which primarily concerns the positioning of planters and pots in relation to the available surface. Without having to resort to specialized architects, the design can be carried out in complete autonomy, taking care to indicate the type of plants to use, the dimensions and measures of the pots, paying attention to the areas where the containers will be placed. The weight of the pots and plants must also be taken into account, to avoid excessive loads for the terraces. It is evident that for small spaces it will be preferable to use light and manageable pots, with small plants that give rise to regular growth: in a larger space, on the other hand, you can also indulge yourself with small shrubs. Finally, the positioning of the irrigation system and water intakes should not be underestimated.
Choose vases and planters
Once the theoretical planning is complete, you can get to work, choosing planters, vases and tubs. The tanks are particularly suitable for those who intend to place plants in series in such a way as to give life to a garden with a natural effect. For medium-sized spaces it is advisable not to use more than three shrubs for each tank. In an eighty-centimeter planter, on the other hand, the two shrubs should not be exceeded.
The selection of plants
As for the selection of plants, they must be chosen not only on the basis of personal tastes, but also taking into account the exposure of the terraces and the available surface. A terrace very exposed to the south, for example, will be subjected to constant action by the sun's rays, especially during the summer: therefore, it will prefer plants that are able to withstand heat and drought without problems. Those who do not have much time to devote to the terrace garden can opt for similar species, which have the same cultivation characteristics, so as not to have to constantly change the fertilization and irrigation rhythms. In short, the climatic conditions should also be taken into consideration: it is no coincidence that the choice often falls on evergreen species, which have the ability to easily resist the adversities of the winter months without compromising the aesthetic performance of the garden. Plants of this type, for example, are sedum, lewisia, pulmonaria, rhodiola, hypericum, hellebore, thyme, periwinkle, lavender, houseleek and pachysandra. Of course, nothing prevents you from growing vegetables such as zucchini and tomatoes on the terrace, flowering plants such as geraniums, typical of balconies, or basil and parsley seedlings, to combine useful with pleasure. Let's see the main characteristics of the most common plants used in terrace gardens. The lewisia appears as a species with a remarkable flowering, which prefers constant exposure to the sun. The periwinkle, on the other hand, is characterized by pink and blue flowers, which bloom in late spring until August: it is an evergreen species, especially suitable for those who want to give their balcony a particularly intense color. Small yellow flowers, on the other hand, are those of sedum, which grows both in partial shade and in the sun: the same characteristic is found in rhodiola, while hellebore blooms in the winter months, especially in December, and for this reason it is also called Christmas rose. The pulmonaria is characterized by the fantastic shades of the flowers, violet and pink, but also of the leaves, with exceptional silver lines that stand out on the mottled green. Those who intend to give life to flower beds and hedges, perhaps in combination with roses, can refer to the classic lavender, which must be placed in a sunny position, and which thanks to its small, lilac-colored cluster flowers releases a decidedly fragrance. pleasant. Not to be missed is the little-known pachysandra, which, although it produces few flowers, is appreciated for its abundant ground cover leaves, perfect for covering the terrace in its shady areas. Furthermore, a succulent plant cannot be missing: this is the case of the houseleek, suitable for rocky areas and able to withstand summer heat and winter frost with equal ease.
- garden on the terrace">Terraced gardens: Watering
As for watering, the plants that make up a terrace garden must be watered regularly, at least once a day in the summer months, more rarely during the rainy season. How to do? It is necessary to wet the surface of the container, being careful not to moisten the plant. Of course, nothing prohibits the use of drip irrigation systems on particularly large terraces that distribute the water at scheduled times and according to specific doses. In conclusion, it should be remembered that a great importance is also covered by the substrate: the soil must be of excellent quality, since the plants are destined to remain in the same pot for many years. The pots, on the other hand, should be made of terracotta, which proves to be a material capable of promoting water drainage in the best possible way: plastic containers, however, are more manageable and easier to move, and consequently more comfortable to use.