Atlas of Pheasants: Coppery Pheasant Syrmaticus soemmerringii

Atlas of Pheasants: Coppery Pheasant Syrmaticus soemmerringii

Classification and distribution - Copper pheasant

Kingdom: Animals
Phylum: Cordati
Subphylum: Vertebrates
Class: Birds
Order: Galliformi
Family: Phasianides
Genus: Syrmaticus
Species: S. soemmerringii

Also known as Soemmering pheasant, it is a large long-tailed bird endemic to the forests of the islands of Shikoku, Honschu and Kyushu (Japan).

Distinctive characters

Very characteristic pheasant, has a red-brown head and neck, face adorned with a scarlet face mask, the body is copper-golden, with black flecks, the long tail is also coppery with black stripes; the females, on the other hand, are brownish speckled with white. This pheasant has four subspecies, two of which differ in the presence of white feathers on the tail, wings and rump and are:
- Syrmaticus soemmerringii scintillans
- Syrmaticus soemmerringii ijimae

while the other two are characterized by a more red plumage and more evident metallic reflections and are:
- Syrmaticus soemmerringii subrufus
- Syrmaticus soemmerringii intermedios

It should be noted that in captivity there is more of the "sparkling" subspecies rather than the original coppery pheasant species. These birds reach full plumage and sexual maturity in the first year of life.

Male copper pheasant (photo http://orientalbirdimages.org)

Ramato pheasant female (photo http://orientalbirdimages.org)

Behavior

Behavior
They are rather wild pheasants, afraid of people; males in the mating season are very brutal with females, who even come to kill; to be bred well they must be housed in spacious and plant-rich aviaries so that they can feel safe, instead they are very resistant from the point of view of the climate, getting used to the various temperatures and are not particularly demanding as regards feeding, as a good Integrated blend of fruit and vegetable grains meets their food needs.
Reproduction: April / early June
Hatching: 25 days
Number of eggs: 18 26
Cohabitation: polygamy (1 male x 3 5 females)

Male sparkling copper pheasant (photo www.faisanesdelmundo.com)

Thanks to Pasquale DAncicco


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